Theory Acceptance

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What does it mean to say that a theory is accepted? How should theory acceptance be defined?

One of the tasks of scientonomy is to explain transitions from one accepted theory to the next. Thus, acceptance is a key concept in current scientonomy. Traditionally, the terms acceptance, use, and pursuit have not been distinguished. Confusion between the three terms leads to serious misunderstanding, thus their clarification is of great importance. 1p. 30

In the scientonomic context, this question was first formulated by Hakob Barseghyan in 2015. The question is currently accepted as a legitimate topic for discussion by Scientonomy community. Theory Acceptance (Sebastien-2016) is currently accepted by Scientonomy community as the best available definition of the term. Theory Acceptance (Sebastien-2016) states "A theory is said to be accepted if it is taken as the best available description or prescription of its object."

History

The original definition of the term was suggested by Hakob Barseghyan in The Laws of Scientific Change.1p. 31 After the inclusion of normative propositions into the elements of scientific change by Zoe Sebastien, the definition was changed to apply not only to descriptive but also to normative propositions.2p. 7

Acceptance Record

Here is the complete acceptance record of this question (it includes all the instances when the question was accepted as a legitimate topic for discussion by a community):
CommunityAccepted FromAcceptance IndicatorsStill AcceptedAccepted UntilRejection Indicators
Scientonomy1 January 2016This is when the community accepted its first definition of the term, Theory Acceptance (Barseghyan-2015), which indicates that the question is itself considered legitimate.Yes

All Theories

The following theories have attempted to answer this question:
TheoryFormulationFormulated In
Theory Acceptance (Barseghyan-2015)A theory is said to be accepted if it is taken as the best available description of its object.2015
Theory Acceptance (Sebastien-2016)A theory is said to be accepted if it is taken as the best available description or prescription of its object.2016
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Accepted Theories

The following theories have been accepted as answers to this question:
CommunityTheoryAccepted FromAccepted Until
ScientonomyTheory Acceptance (Barseghyan-2015)1 January 201615 February 2017
ScientonomyTheory Acceptance (Sebastien-2016)15 February 2017

Suggested Modifications

Here is a list of modifications concerning this topic:
ModificationCommunityDate SuggestedSummaryVerdictVerdict RationaleDate Assessed
Sciento-2016-0002Scientonomy3 September 2016Accept a new taxonomy for theory, normative theory, descriptive theory to reintroduce normative propositions (such as those of ethics or methodology) to the scientific mosaic.Not AcceptedSince this modification consisted of two interrelated but essentially distinct suggestions - one taxonomical and one ontological - it was decided by the community to divide it into two modifications so that the gist of the proposed suggestions is properly articulated. In particular, it was agreed that there are two modifications in "the heart of this single modification - one ontological, the other definitional".c1 It was also agreed that the current formulation "is exclusively definitional, and does not give the community an opportunity to appreciate (and, well, accept) the ontological changes that come along with it".c2 Consequently, it was decided to divide this modification into two modifications - one taxonomical and one ontological.c323 January 2017
Sciento-2017-0002Scientonomy23 January 2017Accept a new ontology of scientific change where the two fundamental elements are theories - both descriptive and normative - and methods.AcceptedThe community has agreed that after the solution of the paradox of normative propositions, there are no obstacles for including normative propositions into the ontology of scientific change.c1 c2 c3 It was also agreed that including normative propositions into the ontology of scientific change "would allow us to grasp the role that methodological and ethical rules play in science".c415 February 2017

Current View

In Scientonomy community, the accepted definition of the term is Theory Acceptance (Sebastien-2016). It is defined as: "A theory is said to be accepted if it is taken as the best available description or prescription of its object."

Acceptance Sebastien 2016.png

Related Topics

This topic is also related to the following topic(s):

References

  1. a b  Barseghyan, Hakob. (2015) The Laws of Scientific Change. Springer.
  2. ^  Sebastien, Zoe. (2016) The Status of Normative Propositions in the Theory of Scientific Change. Scientonomy 1, 1-9. Retrieved from http://www.scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/26947.

Contributors

Jacqueline Sereda (6.4%), Paul Patton (30.8%), Hakob Barseghyan (62.8%)