Nicholas Overgaard

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Nicholas Overgaard (born 12 May 1990) is a Canadian scientonomist notable for his work related to the concepts of community and authority delegation.


Suggested Modifications

Here are all the modifications suggested by Overgaard:

  • Sciento-2016-0003: Accept the notion of authority delegation. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Nicholas Overgaard and Mirka Loiselle on 7 September 2016.1 The modification was accepted on 1 February 2017. There was a community consensus that the concept of authority delegation is a significant contribution to scientonomy, as it "sheds light on the mechanism by which the more local, specialized mosaics of epistemic/scientific sub-communities gives rise to the more global scientific mosaic (of *the* Scientific Community), and all in terms of theories and methods".c1 It was also noted that the concept "has already been tacitly accepted by our community"c2 as it has been incorporated in some recent scientonomic research. One further suggestion was to continue refining the concept of authority delegation by focusing on cases "where the delegating community applies its own additional criteria before accepting what the experts tell them".c3
  • Sciento-2016-0004: Provided that the notion of authority delegation is accepted, accept the notions of mutual authority delegation and one-sided authority delegation as subtypes of authority delegation. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Nicholas Overgaard and Mirka Loiselle on 7 September 2016.1 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
  • Sciento-2017-0004: Accept the reformulation of the second law which explicitly links theory assessment outcomes with theory acceptance/unacceptance. To that end, accept three new definitions for theory assessment outcomes (satisfied, not satisfied, and inconclusive) as well as the new ontology of theory assessment outcomes, and accept the new definition of employed method. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Paul Patton, Nicholas Overgaard and Hakob Barseghyan on 5 February 2017.2 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
  • Sciento-2017-0005: Accept that the new second law is not a tautology. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Paul Patton, Nicholas Overgaard and Hakob Barseghyan on 5 February 2017.2 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending. The modification can only become accepted once modification Sciento-2017-0004 becomes accepted.
  • Sciento-2017-0006: Accept the following set of inferences of theory assessment outcomes from the acceptance or unacceptance of a single contender and two contenders. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Paul Patton, Nicholas Overgaard and Hakob Barseghyan on 5 February 2017.2 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending. The modification can only become accepted once modification Sciento-2017-0004 becomes accepted.
  • Sciento-2017-0012: Accept a new taxonomy for group and its two sub-types - accidental group, and community. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Nicholas Overgaard on 19 May 2017.3 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
  • Sciento-2017-0013: Accept that communities can consist of other communities, i.e. that there is such a thing as a sub-community. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Nicholas Overgaard on 19 May 2017.3 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending. The modification can only become accepted once modification Sciento-2017-0012 becomes accepted.
  • Sciento-2017-0014: Provided that the definition of community is accepted, accept new definitions of epistemic community and non-epistemic community as sub-types of community. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Nicholas Overgaard on 19 May 2017.3 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending. The modification can only become accepted once modification Sciento-2017-0012 becomes accepted.
  • Sciento-2017-0015: Provided that the distinction between epistemic and non-epistemic communities is accepted, accept that a non-epistemic community can consist of epistemic communities. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Nicholas Overgaard on 19 May 2017.3 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending. The modification can only become accepted once modifications Sciento-2017-0013 and Sciento-2017-0014 all become accepted.

Theories

The following table contains all the theories formulated by Overgaard:
TitleTypeFormulationFormulated In
One-sided Authority Delegation (Overgaard-Loiselle-2016)DefinitionCommunities A and B are said to be in a relationship of one-sided authority delegation iff community A delegates authority over topic x to community B, but community B doesn’t delegate any authority to community A.2016
Authority Delegation (Overgaard-Loiselle-2016)DefinitionCommunity A is said to be delegating authority over topic x to community B iff (1) community A accepts that community B is an expert on topic x and (2) community A will accept a theory on topic x if community B says so.2016
Mutual Authority Delegation (Overgaard-Loiselle-2016)DefinitionCommunities A and B are said to be in a relationship of mutual authority delegation iff community A delegates authority over topic x to community B, and community B delegates authority over topic y to community A.2016
Inferring Theory Assessment Outcomes from Acceptance/Unacceptance of Two Contenders (Patton-Overgaard-Barseghyan-2017)DescriptiveThere is a series of inferences that can be made from the acceptance or unacceptance of two contender theories.2017
Accidental Group (Overgaard-2017)DefinitionA group that does not have a collective intentionality.2017
The Second Law (Patton-Overgaard-Barseghyan-2017)DescriptiveIf a theory satisfies the acceptance criteria of the method employed at the time, it becomes accepted into the mosaic; if it does not, it remains unaccepted; if assessment is inconclusive, the theory can be accepted or not accepted.2017
Community (Overgaard-2017)DefinitionA group that has a collective intentionality.2017
Sub-Communities Exist (Overgaard-2017)DescriptiveCommunities can consist of other communities.2017
Employed Method (Patton-Overgaard-Barseghyan-2017)DefinitionA method is said to be employed if its requirements constitute the actual expectations of the community.2017
Theory Assessment Outcomes (Patton-Overgaard-Barseghyan-2017)DescriptiveThe possible outcomes of theory assessment are satisfied, not satisfied, and inconclusive.2017
Group (Overgaard-2017)DefinitionTwo or more people who share any characteristic.2017
Epistemic Community Can be Part of Non-Epistemic Community (Overgaard-2017)DescriptiveA non-epistemic community can consist of epistemic communities.2017
Outcome Satisfied (Patton-Overgaard-Barseghyan-2017)DefinitionThe theory is deemed to conclusively meet the requirements of the method employed at the time.2017
The Second Law is Not a Tautology (Patton-Overgaard-Barseghyan-2017)DescriptiveThe second law is not a tautology.2017
Epistemic Community (Overgaard-2017)DefinitionA community that has a collective intentionality to know the world.2017
Outcome Not Satisfied (Patton-Overgaard-Barseghyan-2017)DefinitionThe theory is deemed to conclusively not meet the requirements of the method employed at the time.2017
Inferring Theory Assessment Outcomes from Acceptance/Unacceptance of a Single Contender (Patton-Overgaard-Barseghyan-2017)DescriptiveThere is a series of inferences that can be made from the acceptance or unacceptance of a single contender.2017
Non-Epistemic Community (Overgaard-2017)DefinitionA community that does not have a collective intentionality to know the world.2017
Outcome Inconclusive (Patton-Overgaard-Barseghyan-2017)DefinitionIt is unclear whether or not the requirements of the method employed at the time are met.2017

Questions

Here are all the questions formulated by Overgaard:

Publications

Here are the works of Overgaard included in the bibliographic records of this encyclopedia:

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References

  1. a b  Overgaard, Nicholas and Loiselle, Mirka. (2016) Authority Delegation. Scientonomy 1, 11-18. Retrieved from http://www.scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/27065.
  2. a b c  Patton, Paul; Overgaard, Nicholas and Barseghyan, Hakob. (2017) Reformulating the Second Law. Scientonomy 1, 29-39. Retrieved from http://www.scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/27158.
  3. a b c d  Overgaard, Nicholas. (2017) A Taxonomy for the Social Agents of Scientific Change. Scientonomy 1, 55-62. Retrieved from http://www.scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/28234.