Ameer Sarwar is a Pakistani-Canadian scientonomist.
Here are all the modifications suggested by Sarwar:
- Sciento-2018-0013: Accept scientificity as a distinct epistemic stance that epistemic agents can take towards theories. Also accept several questions concerning the definition of scientificity and the applicability of scientificity to other epistemic elements as legitimate topics of scientonomic inquiry. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Ameer Sarwar and Patrick Fraser on 28 December 2018.1 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
- Sciento-2018-0014: Accept the law of theory demarcation as a new scientonomic axiom. Also accept questions concerning indicators of scientificity as legitimate topics of scientonomic inquiry. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Ameer Sarwar and Patrick Fraser on 28 December 2018.1 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
TheoriesThe following table contains all the theories formulated by Sarwar:
|The Law of Theory Demarcation (Sarwar-Fraser-2018)||Descriptive||If a theory satisfies the demarcation criteria of the method employed at the time, it becomes scientific; if it does not, it remains unscientific; if assessment is inconclusive, the theory’s status can become scientific, unscientific, or uncertain.||2018|
|The Law of Theory Demarcation is Not a Tautology (Sarwar-Fraser-2018)||Descriptive||The law of theory demarcation is not a tautology.||2018|
|Epistemic Stances Towards Theories - Scientificity Acceptance Use and Pursuit (Sarwar-Fraser-2018)||Descriptive||The list of possible stances towards a theory includes scientificity, acceptance, use, and pursuit.||2018|
Here are all the questions formulated by Sarwar:
- Indicators of Conclusiveness for Scientificity Assessment: What are the historical indicators that an assessment by the demarcation criteria was conclusive or inconclusive? Does the lack of agreement or evidence count in favor of inconclusive assessment outcome?
- Indicators of Theory Scientificity: What are the historical indicators of a theory’s scientificity? How can observational scientonomists establish that such-and-such a theory was indeed considered scientific/unscientific by a certain epistemic agent at a certain time?
- Individual and Communal Levels: What is the relation between the communal and the individual level? To what extent can the individual level epistemic stances tell about the communal level?
- Mechanism of Theory Demarcation: How do theories become scientific or unscientific?
- Normative Effects of Scientonomy: What are the normative effects of scientonomy on the process of scientific change?
- Scientificity: What is scientificity? How should it be defined?
- Scientificity of Methods: Can the epistemic stance of scientificity be taken towards methods? Can there be unscientific or pseudoscientific methods?
- Scientificity of Questions: Can the epistemic stance of scientificity be taken towards questions? Can there be unscientific or pseudoscientific questions?
- Tautological Status of the Law of Theory Demarcation: Is the law of theory demarcation a tautology, i.e. can it in principle be violated?
Here are the works of Sarwar included in the bibliographic records of this encyclopedia:
- Fraser and Sarwar (2018): Fraser, Patrick and Sarwar, Ameer. (2018) A Compatibility Law and the Classification of Theory Change. Scientonomy 2, forthcoming.
- Sarwar and Fraser (2018): Sarwar, Ameer and Fraser, Patrick. (2018) Scientificity and The Law of Theory Demarcation. Scientonomy 2, 55-66. Retrieved from https://www.scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/31275.
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- Sarwar, Ameer and Fraser, Patrick. (2018) Scientificity and The Law of Theory Demarcation. Scientonomy 2, 55-66. Retrieved from https://www.scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/31275.