Epistemic Elements - Theories and Methods (Sebastien-2017)

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An attempt to answer the question of Epistemic Elements which states "The two classes of elements that can undergo scientific change are accepted theories - both descriptive and normative - and employed methods."

This version of Epistemic Elements - Theories and Methods was formulated by Zoe Sebastien in 2017.1

History

In Barseghyan's original ontology of epistemic elements, only descriptive theories and employed methods were considered part of the process of scientific change. Normative theories were excluded from the ontology for their introduction appeared to be resulting in a destructive paradox. With the solution of the paradox by Sebastien, it became possible to introduce normative propositions as elements of the ontology of scientific change.

Acceptance Record

Here is the complete acceptance record of Epistemic Elements - Theories and Methods (Sebastien-2017):
CommunityAccepted FromAcceptance IndicatorsStill AcceptedAccepted UntilRejection Indicators
Scientonomy15 February 2017The ontology became accepted as a result of the acceptance of the respective suggested modification.No26 September 2018The ontology became rejected when it was replaced by Epistemic Elements - Theories Methods and Questions (Rawleigh-2018).

Suggestions To Accept

Here are all the modifications where the acceptance of this theory has been suggested:
ModificationCommunityDate SuggestedSummaryVerdictVerdict RationaleDate Assessed
Sciento-2017-0002Scientonomy23 January 2017Accept a new ontology of scientific change where the two fundamental elements are theories - both descriptive and normative - and methods.AcceptedThe community has agreed that after the solution of the paradox of normative propositions, there are no obstacles for including normative propositions into the ontology of scientific change.c1 c2 c3 It was also agreed that including normative propositions into the ontology of scientific change "would allow us to grasp the role that methodological and ethical rules play in science".c415 February 2017

Suggestions To Reject

These are all the modifications where the rejection of the theory has been suggested:
ModificationCommunityDate SuggestedSummaryVerdictVerdict RationaleDate Assessed
Sciento-2018-0002Scientonomy12 May 2018Accept the ontology of epistemic elements with theories, methods, and questions as distinct epistemic elements.AcceptedFollowing several focused discussions - both in-person and on the discussion page of this modification - it was finally decided that the modification is to be accepted. Three important clarifications were made. First, it was noted that Rawleigh only shows that questions cannot be reduced either to methods or to theories, but it is still conceivable "that questions may be functions of both theories and methods simultaneously".c1 Second, it was decided that accepting the modification is still warranted, since currently we don't have any idea how questions could be reduced to a conjunction of theories and methods.c2 Third, it was decided that the question of the Status of Questions is to be left open. Scientonomists are actively encouraged to pursue the question of possibility of reducing questions to a conjunction of theories and methods.c326 September 2018

Question Answered

Epistemic Elements - Theories and Methods (Sebastien-2017) is an attempt to answer the following question: What are the fundamental epistemic elements that undergo scientific change?

See Epistemic Elements for more details.

Description

This formulation introduces normative theories (e.g. those of ethics or methodology) into the ontology of scientific change. Thus, all the laws and theorems that concern theories apply not only to descriptive theories but also to normative theories.

References

  1. ^  Sebastien, Zoe. (2016) The Status of Normative Propositions in the Theory of Scientific Change. Scientonomy 1, 1-9. Retrieved from https://www.scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/26947.

Contributors

Hakob Barseghyan (100.0%)