Loiselle (2017)

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Loiselle, Mirka. (2017) Multiple Authority Delegation in Art Authentication. Scientonomy 1, 41-53. Retrieved from https://www.scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/28233.

Title Multiple Authority Delegation in Art Authentication
Resource Type journal article
Author(s) Mirka Loiselle
Year 2017
URL https://www.scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/28233
Journal Scientonomy
Volume 1
Pages 41-53

Abstract

In this paper, I expand upon the research on authority delegation begun by Overgaard and myself in our 2016 paper Authority Delegation. I argue that singular authority delegation – in which a community delegates authority over a given topic to a single expert community – should be distinguished from cases of multiple authority delegation. A community engages in multiple authority delegation iff that community delegates authority over a given topic to more than one expert community. Furthermore, multiple authority delegation can be further divided into two types: hierarchical and non-hierarchical. I examine two cases of authority delegation in the art market and argue that these cases model instances of hierarchical authority delegation.

Theories

Here are all the theories formulated in Loiselle (2017):
TheoryTypeFormulationFormulated In
Non-Hierarchical Authority Delegation (Loiselle-2017)DefinitionA sub-type of multiple authority delegation where different communities are delegated the same degree of authority over topic x.2017
Hierarchical Authority Delegation (Loiselle-2017)DefinitionA sub-type of multiple authority delegation where different communities are delegated different degrees of authority over topic x.2017
Multiple Authority Delegation (Loiselle-2017)DefinitionCommunity A is said to engage in a relationship of multiple authority delegation over topic x iff community A delegates authority over topic x to more than one community.2017
Singular Authority Delegation (Loiselle-2017)DefinitionCommunity A is said to engage in a relationship of singular authority delegation over topic x iff community A delegates authority over topic x to exactly one community.2017

Suggested Modifications

Here are all the modifications suggested in Loiselle (2017):

  • Sciento-2017-0007: Accept the definitions of the following subtypes of authority delegation: singular authority delegation, multiple authority delegation, hierarchical authority delegation, and non-hierarchical authority delegation. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Mirka Loiselle on 19 May 2017.1 The modification was accepted on 23 October 2018. While the notions of singular and multiple authority delegation didn't cause much controversy, the notions of hierarchical and non-hierarchical authority delegation gave rise to notable disagreement among scientonomists. As a result, the modification was in discussion for about a year and a half.c1 Eventually, a consensus emerged mostly as a result of offline (in-person) discussion meetings. It was agreed that "for decisions that are not rote and routine, it seems highly unlikely that a pre-established hierarchy of authority delegation does or could exist, nor could a pre-established belief that all authorities should be given equal weight".c2 However, it was also agreed that Loiselle's study "have identified at least one aspect of hierarchical authority delegation in epistemic communities",c3 for "there seem to be instances where some experts occupy privileged positions in the eyes of those delegating authority" and that "alone is sufficient to suggest that hierarchies of authority delegation exists, regardless of of how transient or fixed they might be".c4
  • Sciento-2017-0008: Accept the following reconstruction of the contemporary authority delegation structure in the art market regarding the works of Monet: A work claimed to be by Monet is authentic if it is considered authentic by the Wildenstein Institute. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Mirka Loiselle on 19 May 2017.1 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
  • Sciento-2017-0009: Accept the following reconstruction of the contemporary authority delegation structure in the art market regarding the works of Picasso: a work claimed to be by Picasso is authentic if it is has been certified as authentic by both Maya Widmaier-Picasso and Claude Ruiz-Picasso. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Mirka Loiselle on 19 May 2017.1 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
  • Sciento-2017-0010: Accept the following reconstruction of the authority delegation structure in the art market regarding the works of Modigliani between 1997 and 2015: a work claimed to be by Modigliani is authentic iff (1) it is in the Ceroni catalogue raisonné or (2) if it is not in catalogue and has been certified as authentic by Marc Restellini. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Mirka Loiselle on 19 May 2017.1 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
  • Sciento-2017-0011: Accept the following reconstruction of the contemporary authority delegation structure in the art market regarding the works of Renoir: a work claimed to be by Renoir is authentic iff (1) it has been certified as authentic by the Wildenstein institute or (2) it has not been dismissed by the Wildenstein institute and it is included in the Bernheim-Jeune catalogue. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Mirka Loiselle on 19 May 2017.1 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.

References

  1. a b c d e  Loiselle, Mirka. (2017) Multiple Authority Delegation in Art Authentication. Scientonomy 1, 41-53. Retrieved from https://www.scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/28233.

Contributors

Hakob Barseghyan (100.0%)