Sarwar and Fraser (2018)

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Sarwar, Ameer and Fraser, Patrick. (2018) Scientificity and The Law of Theory Demarcation. Scientonomy 2, 55-66. Retrieved from https://www.scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/31275.

Title Scientificity and The Law of Theory Demarcation
Resource Type journal article
Author(s) Ameer Sarwar, Patrick Fraser
Year 2018
URL https://www.scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/31275
DOI 10.33137/js.v2i0.31275
Journal Scientonomy
Volume 2
Pages 55-66

Abstract

The demarcation between science and non-science seems to play an important role in the process of scientific change, as theories regularly transition from being considered scientific to being considered unscientific and vice versa. However, theoretical scientonomy is yet to shed light on this process. The goal of this paper is to tackle the problem of demarcation from the scientonomic perspective. Specifically, we introduce scientificity as a distinct epistemic stance that an agent can take towards a theory. We contend that changes in this stance are to be traced and explained by scientonomy. Thus, we formulate a new law of theory demarcation to account for changes in scientificity within the scientonomic framework.

Theories

Here are all the theories formulated in Sarwar and Fraser (2018):
TheoryTypeFormulationFormulated In
The Law of Theory Demarcation (Sarwar-Fraser-2018)DescriptiveIf a theory satisfies the demarcation criteria of the method employed at the time, it becomes scientific; if it does not, it remains unscientific; if assessment is inconclusive, the theory’s status can become scientific, unscientific, or uncertain.2018
The Law of Theory Demarcation is Not a Tautology (Sarwar-Fraser-2018)DescriptiveThe law of theory demarcation is not a tautology.2018
Epistemic Stances Towards Theories - Scientificity Acceptance Use and Pursuit (Sarwar-Fraser-2018)DescriptiveThe list of possible stances towards a theory includes scientificity, acceptance, use, and pursuit.2018

Suggested Modifications

Here are all the modifications suggested in Sarwar and Fraser (2018):

  • Sciento-2018-0013: Accept scientificity as a distinct epistemic stance that epistemic agents can take towards theories. Also accept several questions concerning the definition of scientificity and the applicability of scientificity to other epistemic elements as legitimate topics of scientonomic inquiry. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Ameer Sarwar and Patrick Fraser on 28 December 2018.1 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
  • Sciento-2018-0014: Accept the law of theory demarcation as a new scientonomic axiom. Also accept questions concerning indicators of scientificity as legitimate topics of scientonomic inquiry. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Ameer Sarwar and Patrick Fraser on 28 December 2018.1 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.

References

  1. a b  Sarwar, Ameer and Fraser, Patrick. (2018) Scientificity and The Law of Theory Demarcation. Scientonomy 2, 55-66. Retrieved from https://www.scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/31275.

Contributors

Ameer Sarwar (7.7%), Hakob Barseghyan (92.3%)