Barseghyan (2018)

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Barseghyan, Hakob. (2018) Redrafting the Ontology of Scientific Change. Scientonomy 2, 13-38. Retrieved from https://scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/31032.

Title Redrafting the Ontology of Scientific Change
Resource Type journal article
Author(s) Hakob Barseghyan
Year 2018
URL https://scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/31032
Journal Scientonomy
Volume 2
Pages 13-38

Abstract

Recent developments in theoretical scientonomy coupled with a reflection on the practice of the Encyclopedia of Scientonomy all suggest that the ontology of scientific change currently accepted in scientonomy has serious flaws. The new ontology, suggested in this paper, solves some of the issues permeating the current ontology. Building on Rawleigh’s suggestion, it considers a theory as an attempt to answer a certain question. It also introduces the category of definition as a subtype of theory. It also reveals that methods and methodologies of the currently accepted ontology do not differ from the perspective of their propositional content and, thus, belong to the same class of epistemic elements. This is captured in the new definition of method as a set of criteria for theory evaluation. It is also argued that methods are a subtype of normative theories. It is shown that normative theories of all types, including methods, ethical norms, and aesthetic norms, can be both accepted and employed. Finally, a new definition of scientific mosaic is suggested to fit the new ontology.

Theories

Here are all the theories formulated in Barseghyan (2018):
TheoryTypeFormulationFormulated In
Theory Acceptance (Barseghyan-2018)DefinitionA theory is said to be accepted by an epistemic agent if it is taken as the best available answer to its respective question.2018
Definition (Barseghyan-2018)DefinitionA statement of the meaning of a term.2018
Norm Employment (Barseghyan-2018)DefinitionA norm is said to be employed if its requirements constitute the actual expectations of an epistemic agent.2018
Method (Barseghyan-2018)DefinitionA set of criteria for theory evaluation.2018
Scientific Mosaic (Barseghyan-2018)DefinitionA set of all epistemic elements accepted and/or employed by an epistemic agent.2018
Methodology (Barseghyan-2018)DefinitionA normative discipline that formulates the rules which ought to be employed in theory assessment.2018
Epistemic Elements - Questions and Theories (Barseghyan-2018)DescriptiveThe two basic classes of elements that can undergo scientific change are questions and theories, where each theory is an attempt to answer a certain question, and method is a subtype of normative theory.2018

Suggested Modifications

Here are all the modifications suggested in Barseghyan (2018):

  • Sciento-2018-0005: Accept the new definitions of method as a set of criteria for theory evaluation and methodology as a normative discipline that formulates the rules which ought to be employed in theory assessment. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Hakob Barseghyan on 8 October 2018.1 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
  • Sciento-2018-0006: Accept the new ontology of epistemic elements with, theories and questions are the two basic epistemic elements where and each theory is an attempt to answer a certain question, theories can be of three types – descriptive, normative, or definitions, and methods are a subtype of normative theory. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Hakob Barseghyan on 8 October 2018.1 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
  • Sciento-2018-0007: Accept the definition of definition as a statement of the meaning of a term. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Hakob Barseghyan on 8 October 2018.1 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
  • Sciento-2018-0008: Accept the definition of norm employment. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Hakob Barseghyan on 8 October 2018.1 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending. The modification can only become accepted once modification Sciento-2018-0006 becomes accepted.
  • Sciento-2018-0009: Accept the new definition of scientific mosaic as a set of all epistemic elements accepted and/or employed by the epistemic agent. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Hakob Barseghyan on 8 October 2018.1 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
  • Sciento-2018-0010: Accept that epistemic stances of all types can be taken explicitly and/or implicitly and that epistemic elements of all types can be explicit and/or implicit. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Hakob Barseghyan on 8 October 2018.1 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.

References

  1. a b c d e f  Barseghyan, Hakob. (2018) Redrafting the Ontology of Scientific Change. Scientonomy 2, 13-38. Retrieved from https://scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/31032.

Contributors

Hakob Barseghyan (100.0%)